Religion Revived: The Second Great Awakening | US history lecture



This is the first lecture of week-11 for my US History (beginning-1877) course. It covers the 2nd Great Awakening which happened between the 1790s and 1840s.
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Assigned primary-source readings:
Charles Grandison Finney, Sermons on Various Subjects (New York: 1834), 8-28: https://bit.ly/3g1tJFd

William Lloyd Garrison introduces The Liberator, 1831: https://bit.ly/2WWPlK0

Henry David Thoreau, Walden (1854), 117-121: https://bit.ly/3cFxRbD
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Connected videos:
WWII lecture: https://youtu.be/hQZSAbiK2Cs
Cold War and Red Scare lecture: https://youtu.be/m4Dfe-gn_Fs
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Wiki: The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. The Methodist Church used circuit riders to reach people in frontier locations. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. The outpouring of religious fervor and revival began in Kentucky and Tennessee in the 1790s and early 1800s among the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. The awakening brought comfort in the face of uncertainty as a result of the socio-political changes in America.

It led to the founding of several well known colleges, seminaries and mission societies. The Great Awakening notably altered the religious climate in the American colonies. Ordinary people were encouraged to make a personal connection with God, instead of relying on a minister. Newer denominations, such as Methodists and Baptists, grew quickly. While the movement unified the colonies and boosted church growth, experts say it also caused division among those who supported it and those who rejected it.

Historians named the Second Great Awakening in the context of the First Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1750s and of the Third Great Awakening of the late 1850s to early 1900s. The Second and Third Awakenings were part of a much larger Romantic religious movement that was sweeping across England, Scotland, and Germany.[1]

New religious movements emerged during the Second Great Awakening, such as Adventism, Dispensationalism, and the Latter Day Saint movement.

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